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1 samuel 31 commentary

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to do His work. i. Saul’s sin, hardened rebellion, and eventual ruin affected far more than himself and even his immediate family. God’s work is bigger than any man or any group of people. Since many different events take place at the same time, there is no way the network can cover all events simultaneously. The rest of the nation was ripe for total conquest by the Philistines. They forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them, : The victory of the Philistines was so complete that even those, fled in terror before the Philistines. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. If Saul is gone, God raises up a David. The inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead — They lived on the other side of Jordan; for the people on this side were fled. It may be that Saul fell on his sword, and life still lingered in him, so he asked this Amalekite to finish him off. This battle would essentially claim the lives of the first king of Israel, Saul and his sons. After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. ), and by his timely succours saved them from the deepest degradation and the most oppressive tyranny. This shows why leaders have a higher responsibility, because their fall can endanger many more people than the fall of someone who is not a leader. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 31 and more! By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 7. the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley--probably the valley of Jezreel--the largest and southernmost of the valleys that run between Little Hermon and the ridges of the Gilboa range direct into the Jordan valley. And took the body of Saul, &c. — They had been delivered by Saul in the beginning of his reign from the Ammonites, when they were in danger of losing their lives, chap. And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword, and died with him. Or it may be that the Amalekite simply lied and was the first one to come upon Saul’s dead body, and that he told David that he killed him because he thought David would be pleased and he would be rewarded. When his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead. 1 Samuel 31:4. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. 1. Lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me — He was afraid they might put him to some ignominious death, or make sport with him, as they did with Samson. : In a time of disgrace, loss, and tragedy like this, God still had. It was the LORD's mercy that did not … When the leader (King Saul) was struck, it spread panic among God’s people. This is why the New Testament openly presents a higher standard for leaders, even saying they should be blameless for just cause before the world and God’s people (1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:6). b. Saul’s sons: Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. But that is a dangerous assumption because repentance is a gift from God and if it is here today it should be received today. Many people put off getting right with God until a later time, assuming they will still want to get right with God then. THE MEN OF JABESH-GILEAD RECOVER THE BODIES AND BURY THEM AT JABESH. (8-13)1-7 We cannot judge of the spiritual or eternal state of any by the manner of their death; for in that, there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked. : This was a great defeat. 2. Complete Concise Chapter Contents. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His valiant men. Upon taking the throne David rightly thanked these. Disobedience has consequences for kings! Then Saul said to his armorbearer, “Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me.” But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. We cannot judge of the spiritual or eternal state of any by the manner of their death; for in that, there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked. So the Philistines fought against Israel: The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). : Saul’s tragic death gave opportunity for the enemies of the LORD to disgrace His name. 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. 28.) Commentary for 1 Samuel 31 . So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. They consecrated the armor of the king and his sons to the temple of Ashtaroth fastened their bodies on the temple of Shen, while they fixed the royal heads ignominiously in the temple of Dagon ( 1 Chronicles 10:10 ); thus dividing the glory among their several deities. 1 Samuel 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Clarke explains well: “He was to all appearance mortally wounded, when he begged his armourbearer to extinguish the remaining spark of life… though this wound accelerated his death, yet it could not be properly the cause of it, as he was mortally wounded before, and did it on the conviction that he could not survive.”. It was the LORD’s mercy that did not allow David to join these enemies of the LORD. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. A battle in Mount Gilboa between Israel and the Philistines; in which the former are defeated, and Saul's three sons slain, 1 Samuel 31:1, 1 Samuel 31:2.Saul, being mortally wounded, and afraid to fall alive into the hands of the Philistines, desires his armor-bearer to despatch him; which he refusing, Saul falls on his sword, and his armor-bearer does the same, 1 Samuel 31:3-6. : Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. a. It was high on that hill that the Philistines hung the decapitated corpse of King Saul in the ultimate humiliation. , knew the battle was completely lost. a. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. All the valiant men arose, and went all night — To avoid discovery. They fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. Saul was merely wounded, but bad enough where he would not be able to escape. Strangely, God did speak to Saul, but He spoke words of judgment through an unusual appearance of the prophet Samuel. See the insightful remarks by Stephen B. Chapman, 1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 87-89, to which I am indebted. Notes: 1. He was told the previous day that he would die (1 Samuel 28:19), yet he did not seem to prepare his soul to meet God in any way. Many years before Saul delivered their city from the Ammonites (1 Samuel 11:1-11), and they repaid the kindness God showed them from the hand of Saul. I am reminded of a story in a fascinating book entitled Shantung Compound, written by Langdon Gilkey. Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. RayFowler.org is a place to discuss various issues relating to God and life. a. Proud member 1 Samuel 31:3 - The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers. , 2 Samuel 1:11-27). 1 Samuel Chapter 31 summary began with a great battle between the Philistines and Israel. Welcome! 1 Samuel 31:1-7.SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. To proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people: Saul’s tragic death gave opportunity for the enemies of the LORD to disgrace His name. The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. for just cause before the world and God’s people (1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:6). Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. So Saul and his three sons--The influence of a directing Providence is evidently to be traced in permitting the death of Saul's three eldest and most energetic sons, particularly that of Jonathan, for whom, had he survived his father, a strong party would undoubtedly have risen and thus obstructed the path of David to the throne. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. In taking the logical heirs to Saul’s throne, God cleared the way for David to become the next king of Israel. This is why the New Testament openly presents a higher standard for leaders, even saying they should be. The events of this chapter are parallel to 1 Chronicles 10. Jesus knew this same principle would be used against His own disciples: Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of Me this night, for it is written: ‘I will strike the Shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’” (Mark 14:27). b. 2. a. , they have cut Israel in half, drawing a line from west to east. Saul and his sons fought like heroes; but the onset of the Philistines being at length mainly directed against the quarter where they were, Jonathan and two brothers, Abinadab or Ishui ( 1 Samuel 14:49 ) and Melchishua, overpowered by numbers, were killed on the spot. 8, 9. on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen--On discovering the corpses of the slaughtered princes on the battlefield, the enemy reserved them for special indignities. And when the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley, and those who were on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. 1 Samuel 31 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. The Philistines fought against Israel, and David wanted to be part of this group of Philistines (1 Samuel 29:2, 8). 3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. of any kind of sorrow or repentance or crying out to God at all on Saul’s part. We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. Saul's defeat and death. Now the Philistines fought against Israel--In a regular engagement, in which the two armies met ( 1 Samuel 28:1-4 ), the Israelites were forced to give way, being annoyed by the arrows of the enemy, which, destroying them at a distance before they came to close combat, threw them into panic and disorder. b. At the end of his life Saul became so hard in sin that he did not want to repent. You can check these in your browser security settings. The battle became fierce against Saul. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons. 1 Samuel 31:1 is the next day. (1-7) Saul's body rescued by the men of Jabesh-gilead. So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. 1 Samuel 31:1. on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. 1 Samuel 31:1. (8-10) The Philistines disgrace the corpses of King Saul and his sons. 3. 2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons. In that culture, to have your dead body treated this way was considered a fate worse than death itself. The brave and worthy Jonathan died as we might expect him to – loyally fighting for his God, his country, and his father the king unto the very end. You can go to the ruins of Beth Shan today, as the foundations to the city sit high on a hill overlooking the Roman ruins destroyed in an earthquake. Saul then falling on the point of his sword killed himself; and the armor bearer, who, according to Jewish writers, was Doeg, following the example of his master, put an end to his life also. for their kindness to the memory of Saul, Jonathan and Saul’s other sons (2 Samuel 2:4-7). Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. (1-7) Saul's body rescued by the men of Jabesh-gilead. In fact, he mourned and composed a song in honor of Saul and Jonathan (. And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and sent, throughout the land of the Philistines, to proclaim. God was also merciful to Jonathan, sparing him the ordeal of having to side with David against his own brothers. We may request cookies to be set on your device. 1. Most of us are familiar with the expression “You are what you eat”. 11-13. the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard of that which the Philistines had done--Mindful of the important and timely services Saul had rendered them, they gratefully and heroically resolved not to suffer such indignities to be inflicted on the remains of the royal family. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. In the way most people think of suicide, Saul’s death was not suicide. No career could begin with fairer, brighter prospects than Saul had, and none could close in more absolute midnight of despair; and yet such a fate may befall us, unless we watch, and pray, and walk humbly with our God.” (Meyer). 1 Samuel 31:8-10 . Chapters 28-31 contrast David's blessing with Saul's curse. Beginning of the Monarchy (1 Samuel 8-31) Appointment of the first king (1 Samuel 8-10) Saul's reign until his rejection (1 Samuel 11-15) The fall of Saul and rise of David (1 Samuel 16-31) As the book of 1 Samuel opens, lawlessness is reaching its height in Israel. i. 1Sa 31:1-7. Yet here he is trying to get divine guidance through Samuel by means of … They fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan: This was the ultimate insult against Saul. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" Jesus knew this same principle would be used against His own disciples: Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of Me this night, for it is written: ‘I will strike the Shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’”, ii. Many people put off getting right with God until a later time, assuming they will still want to get right with God then. (See our comment on this in 1 Sam. As it was, David had to deal with Ishbosheth, the one surviving son of Saul before taking the undisputed throne of Israel (2 Samuel 2:8 through 4:12). b. Choosing this kind of heart showed David to be a true “Man after God’s Own Heart.” It showed that the years in the wilderness escaping Saul really were years when God trained him to be a king after God’s own heart. We know that if Jonathan had survived he would have gladly yielded the throne to David (1 Samuel 18:1-4). Instead of taking his fear to the LORD Saul made things worse by seeking God’s voice through a spirit medium. i. Introduction. ii. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons: Tragically, Saul’s sons were affected in the judgment of God against their father Saul. The men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa: Gilboa was the location of the Israeli army camp (1 Samuel 28:4), meaning that the battle turned so badly for Israel that they were in full retreat back to their own camp. a. i. So the Philistines fought against Israel: The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). The brave and worthy Jonathan died as we might expect him to – loyally fighting for his God, his country, and his father the king unto the very end. 31 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. Payne, like most modern scholars saw this battle as coming immediately after 1 Sam. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. Indeed, he had been told by Samuel not long ago: “For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry. i. If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His. ii. The rest of the nation was ripe for total conquest by the Philistines. Glory to God, He always has His valiant men! It may be that Saul fell on his sword, and life still lingered in him, so he asked this Amalekite to finish him off. , and David wanted to be part of this group of Philistines (1 Samuel 29:2, 8). “It is a very solemn thought! Taking advantage of the heights of Mount Gilboa, [the Israelites] attempted to rally, but in vain. Because of his deep rebellion against the LORD, Saul was not ready for battle: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled. The street was called from the temple which stood in it. Instead of taking his fe… In taking the logical heirs to Saul’s throne, God cleared the way for David to become the next king of Israel. And they had to go along it to the wall of the city (see Joshua 17:11 ). When the leader (King Saul) was struck, it spread panic among God’s people. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 17:1-58 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Saul is the king, but he has disobeyed God and God has rejected his kingship (chapter 15). This shows why leaders have a higher responsibility, because their fall can endanger many more people than the fall of someone who is not a leader. The First Book of Samuel, Otherwise Called the First Book of the Kings Commentary by ROBERT JAMIESON CHAPTER 31 1Sa 31:1-7. And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and sent word throughout the land of the Philistines, to proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people. He pleaded with his armorbearer to kill him, and when he would not, Saul killed himself (, : As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the. He was told the previous day that he would die (1 Samuel 28:19), yet he did not seem to prepare his soul to meet God in any way. CHAPTER 31. Saul Having Lost His Army at Gilboa, and His Sons Being Slain, He and His Armor-bearer Kill Themselves. Feel free to hit the comments button on … . Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. The book is about how confinement affected the lives of those interned in Shantung Compound, an old church encampment hardly suited for the task, when the Japanese overran China during the Second World War and all western foreigners residing in China were interned there. Salem Media Group. 1 Samuel 31:1-7 . Does the Amalekite’s statement contradict this passage, where it seems Saul killed himself? Changes will take effect once you reload the page. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. It literally endangered the entire nation of Israel. 1 Samuel 31:11-13 . Samuel told Saul that he and his sons would die the next day (1 Samuel 28:19). Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. : The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). With the Philistine army occupying territory. When David heard of Saul’s death, he did not rejoice. Businessmen, diplomats, teachers, missionaries, and others were confined all together in substandard quarters. (11-13) The men of Jabesh Gilead end the disgrace of Saul and his sons. Or it may be that the Amalekite simply lied and was the first one to come upon Saul’s dead body, and that he told David that he killed him because he thought David would be pleased and he would be rewarded. The story is familiar to many of us. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. At the end of his life Saul became so hard in sin that he. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 3:1-21 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. They forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them: The victory of the Philistines was so complete that even those on the other side of the Jordan fled in terror before the Philistines. Saul’s death was used to glorify pagan gods and to mock the living God. THE PHILISTINES TRIUMPH OVER THEIR DEAD BODIES. 12. valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons--Considering that Beth-shan is an hour and a half's distance, and by a narrow upland passage, to the west of the Jordan (the whole being a journey from Jabesh-gilead of about ten miles), they must have made all haste to travel thither to carry off the headless bodies and return to their own side of the Jordan in the course of a single night. Does the Amalekite’s statement contradict this passage, where it seems Saul killed himself? Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. In spite of all that Saul did against David, David spoke well of Saul after his death. The spirit 1 Samuel 31:11-12. : Tragically, Saul’s sons were affected in the judgment of God against their father Saul. Samuel told Saul that he and his sons would die the next day (1 Samuel 28:19). We know that if Jonathan had survived he would have gladly yielded the throne to David (1 Samuel 18:1-4). Then they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. They are then interwoven in a very careful manner, so that every event is covered in a way that does not appear … They died by one and the same sword--the very weapon with which they had massacred the Lord's servants at Nob. (8-13) Commentary on 1 Samuel 31:1-7 (Read 1 Samuel 31:1-7). But his armour-bearer would not, for he was sore afraid — He dreaded to think of killing his king. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. i. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has rejected you as king” (1 Sam 15:23). God’s work is bigger than any man or any group of people. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. In the books of 1 and 2 Samuel, the author tells his story in a way similar to the way major television networks cover the Olympics. and all his men, that same day together--his servants or bodyguard ( 1 Chronicles 10:6 ). a) If you think about how big we are as babies versus adults, the “difference” is based on … : This was the ultimate insult against Saul. But the marvels of modern communication provide a solution: one event is covered live as it is taking place, while the other events are video taped. However, that officer refused to do so. 1 Samuel 31:1 is the next day. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. a. Now the Philistines fought against Israel--In a regular engagement, in which the two armies met ( 1 Samuel 28:1-4), the Israelites were forced to give way, being annoyed by the arrows of the enemy, which, destroying them at a distance before … To proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people. 1 Samuel 31 Matthew Henry's Commentary. I’m going to argue today that you are also what you worship. Saul’s death was used to glorify pagan gods and to mock the living God. In fact, he mourned and composed a song in honor of Saul and Jonathan (The Song of the Bow, 2 Samuel 1:11-27). 1 1st Samuel Chapters 29-31 – John Karmelich 1. i. Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. It was the LORD’s mercy that did not allow David to join these enemies of the LORD. i. It was very natural for the people in the towns and villages there to take fright and flee, for had they waited the arrival of the victors, they must, according to the war usages of the time, have been deprived either of their liberty or their lives. . But that is a dangerous assumption because repentance is a gift from God and if it is here today it should be received today. Then they took their bones and buried. When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. ! Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king. Read 1 Samuel 31 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). the temple of their idols and among the people. If Saul is gone, God raises up a David. 1-samuel 31:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. i. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. i. Commentary on 1 Samuel 30-31 (Death of Saul) September 28, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment During the time covered in 1 Samuel 18-29, David built up a small army of 600 men from the outcasts of Israel, while Saul continued to hunt David down in order to kill him. SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES.

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