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Peter Irniq, who also goes by Piita, is a former commissioner of Nunavut and a well-known guardian of Inuit culture and language. From this project, genealogy of family members can be ascertained by an individual’s last name corroborated with historical records in which Inuit first names are found. Inuit Dog Names Inuit dog names are a great choice for owners of any dogs with an Arctic … In the show, the role of the direwolves are played by Northern Inuit pups. Examples include "Itigaituk" (has no feet), "Anana" or "Anaana" (mother), "Piujuq" (beautiful) and "Tulimak" (rib). For example, if an individual was adopted, they would have a different name than their biological family. The Stark family, who leads the fictional Winterfell, has the animal as its sigil. The Anglican church, however, gave the children what Irniq called "Inukticized" names. Beginning in the 1930s, federal policies affected Inuit names. Due to the difficulties in maintaining a consistent administrative system for Inuit, who at the time did not customarily have surnames, identification by the use of disc numbers was introduced in 1935. "We've joined the mainstream of the Canadian society, just like all the Joneses and all the Smiths.". By the 1920s, there was a push by missionaries, fur trade employees and government officials to identify the Inuit in accordance with European norms and the patriarchal social model. As an example of record keeping prior to 1940, take Igloolik’s Zipporah Innuksuk, who lived from 1923 to 2008. The Inuit soon lost their family names, too. Marriage was important for the Inuit people. Family: Family groups were the most important social unit in Inuit culture. TheBabyNames provides a list of popular boy names and girl names in 2020 with name meanings, origins and religions. Crowe was fluent in the Inuktut language and subsequently reported to the Department of Northern Affairs and Natural Resources his concerns on how formalized last names might affect the naming culture of deceased souls given to newborns. This, he said, has served to assimilate Inuit. Family names had not been used among Inuit for time immemorial, Irniq said, until Project Surname. Irniq ultimately believes that when Project Surname came into being, Inuit weren't quite ready to take on authorities. The Inuit Circumpolar Council prefers the term "Inuit" but … Inuit Baby Names Eager to search a popular name for your baby while enjoying the triumph of being parents? Inupiaq, Yup'ik, Cupik, Siberian Yup'ik are the more accurate terms for these cultures. "I-R-N-I-Q is what I have always been," he said. Igloolik family: Location: Western Baffin Island and Melville Peninsula: Caribou Inuit: Name: They were named Caribou since they almost completely rely on Caribou for food, shelter and clothing. Another difference between genealogical research on southern Canadians and Inuit is that Inuit traditionally did not have surnames, and so it is common to find only one name to represent a person in archival records. Sometimes, expectant mothers would claim t… First, research begins with a historical survey of names, or atiit in Inuktut. From this project, genealogy of family members can be ascertained by an individual’s last name corroborated with historical records in which Inuit first names are found. Despite the Arctic’s short history of written records, oral histories have emerged as reputable and helpful sources for information. My father's family is actually Russian, but I've been told before that my name sounds Inuit. French names were quite common for Inuit because many of the priests in the North were from France or Quebec. By the early 1960s, the identification of Inuit shifted from disc numbers to formalized surnames. Many Inuit have close connections with the person who named them, as well as people who have the same name. He hired Kivalliq Inuit as whaling hands as well as tailors for caribou skin clothing and he recorded their names in the process. While a popular misconception is that the term "Eskimo" is simply an exonym for the Inuit people, there are many Native Alaskan tribes that speak dialects of the Eskimo language, including the Inuit, the Yupik, the Inupiat and the Alutiiq. Their numbers were used as their last names on all government documents. List of 53 A to Z Inuit Baby Girl names with meaning, origin, religion, astrology, numerology, Related Similar Names. Introduction Place Names in Nunavut . In both of those jurisdictions, traditional Inuit place names were made official long ago. Between 1910 and 1926, the Hudson Bay Company opened posts all across the North. From 1924 to 1968, the RCMP conducted patrols to monitor the general status of Inuit in traditional camps, and later the outpost camps attached to permanent settlements. Niviatsinaq had a son named Oudlanak who later was given the name John Ell. Consequently, the process of naming a child was about discovering who the child was, who they represented from the past and who they will become. Although names, places, and dates are a primary starting point, learning about historical events assist you in shaping your family tree. For Zipporah, two years were added to 1921. "Project Surname was the end of Inuit culture in terms of naming our children," Irniq said. Project Surname, a government program put in place to rid Inuit of identification numbers, forced them to choose family names, which were not common in their culture. Additionally, ethnologists such as Franz Boas and Knud Rasmussen included gazetteers that provide rich descriptions of locations and what they were traditionally used for around the North. "In 2000 I came back to who I have always been ever since I was born.". "So whenever they did give them their family surnames, that was really the first form of writing that they had to get used to.". The system, called roman orthography, is still used today. An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Inuit ancestors lived in harsh conditions. Among ourselves, we always used our ancient names. Genealogy uncovers the way names used today were not used in the past. We’ve come a long way in documenting traditional place names in Nunavut in the past decades, though there is still a long road ahead before the names appear on official maps – like our neighbours in Greenland and in Nunavik. He said there were positives and negatives to the project. The project involved about 12,000 people and changes were made to approximately 95 per cent of the names involved. Soon after, he said Nunavut's then-Justice minister Jack Anawak announced that Inuit would no longer have to pay to change their names or the spelling of their names as a result of Project Surname. Through Project Surname, Inuit were told to choose and register surnames, or family names, along with their given name. Alaska Natives increasingly prefer to be known by the names they use in their own languages, such as Inupiaq or Yupik. At Southampton Island, Comer came to know Niviatsinaq, a woman also known as Shoofly, as beaded on her famous amauti housed at the American Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC. These baby name lists are organised alphabetically. "I'm a strong, strong believer in my own culture and I want to keep the name that was given to me by my mother.". I'm curious to find more information on my maiden name, which is Cacyuk, but pronounced Ca-chook. Inuit methods of raising children differ considerably from those in Southern Canada. These reports contain general information of names and families across the North. Of special interest, Boas and Rasmussen had Inuit informants who were able to produce hand drawn maps from memory with remarkable accuracy. In Nunavut, it is especially important to note that place names in records can have variant spellings, pronunciations and alternate between English and Inuktut names for the same location. The first phase of the disc numbers was implemented before the first Northwest Territories census carried out in 1941 where identification numbers were used in conjunction with first names. Like many Inuit, Irniq's name has evolved and changed over the last century, as a result of colonization, residential schools and Project Surname. It is a priority for CBC to create a website that is accessible to all Canadians including people with visual, hearing, motor and cognitive challenges. In this series of posts, I list surnames carried by Aboriginal (or part Aboriginal) individuals in the 1901 and 1911 census for the eastern provinces of Canada. These posts produced ledgers that recorded the sales of fur and the purchase of goods between Inuit and traders. There are long-held Inuit beliefs that people take on the characteristics of their namesake, and that spirits live on through them. Names like Johnny became Joanasie, David became Davidee — these names are still common among Inuit today. Traditionally, elders or parents named the children, often after blood relatives, revered leaders or hunters, or exceptional people. The Igloolik and Pond Inlet archives both house extraordinary missionary literature that have detailed pedigree charts useful for genealogy. The Department of Culture and Heritage has undertaken many projects and initiatives that aim to make archives, along with oral histories, accessible to the public so that Nunavummiut can research their own rich family histories, narratives that make up the diverse and interesting story of Nunavut. Before 50 years ago, births, marriages, deaths and adoptions were not recorded consistently for Inuit by governmental and church institutions, or by the trading companies. The Canadian government labeled each Inuit with an Eskimo Identification number that doubled as their last name. When Okpik visited Irniq, he chose the name his mother had given him. Project Surname was proposed by the Northwest Territories Council (now known as the Legislative Assembly) in the late 1960s as a way to move past the federal government's "E-number" system. Koonoo (b. Namesakes can be attributed to more than one child, linking the children with the same namesake and forming a strong bond between them, through a special designation called atiqatigiik. For example, Irniq did not share names with his family members: his father was Athanasi Angutitaq, his mother Irene Katak, and his sister Bernadette Iguttaq. The year of her birth was determined by her family answering the following question: at the time of Zipporah’s birth, how many full year cycles had lapsed since the time she was born to when the famed Greenlandic explorer Knud Rasmussen came to Igloolik in 1921? The Greenland-based Knud Rasmussen’s Fifth Thule Expedition of 1921 to 1924 documented the largest ethno-cultural record of the Eastern Arctic up to that time period. The information on places is important because historical records of those places may provide information about your family. Kuliktana, who was a cultural consultant on the Inuuqatigiit Inuit curriculum in the 1990s, said Project Surname helped do away with the E-number discs. ", Audience Relations, CBC P.O. Traditional Inuit names reflected things of importance (family, spirits, animals, the environment) and were neither gender-specific nor recognized shared family names. Changes in surnames and given names range from spelling variances to completely different names. "My first birth certificate was Peter Ernerk, which was spelled by a Roman Catholic priest," Irniq told CBC from his home in Ottawa. 1966). Other than about two generations ago, there is little to no information about his heritage. Inuit girls’ names . Additional sources of records come from the RCMP. The Government established a platform for providing health and social services, including income support, that required names to be registered. These Names are Modern as well as Unique. You can … However, due to criticism of the disc system, the Canadian government and the Northwest Territories Council initiated a program in 1970 to replace disc names with surnames known as Project Surname. Genealogy in Nunavut can be completed by studying records that detail regional migration, including the federal re-settlement phase of the 1950s and 1960s. By taking the Name of a Child for years that will develop their personality traits according to the Meaning for his/her Name, whether you are the Mother or Father of a New Cute Baby, We have collected the list of Modern Inuit Baby Names with their Meaning. Only the most basic personal information was collected from Inuit before 1940. One example would be a person whose great-grandfather was named the one name, Kunayak. Their journals included references to Inuit with whom they had made contact and who helped them survive. Inuit names reflected what was important in their culture, including the environment, animals, family and spirits. She is constantly fleeing from her brother, the moon god IGALUK (Inuit) or ANNINGAN (Grenlandic), and their eternal chase explains the movement of the sun and moon through the sky. Then each family would live and hunt together with 6-10 other families. Box 500 Station A Toronto, ON Canada, M5W 1E6. Saa Pitsiulak, an Inuktitut language program officer for Nunavut's Department of Culture and Heritage, works to protect, promote and preserve Inuit languages. Part of Okpik’s mission was to travel the North and explain the new system to locals, answering their questions and reassuring them that their surnames were to be their choice. They usually lived in family groups of around 5-6 people. His name had come to her in a dream. Find your family's origin in Canada, average life expectancy, most common occupation, and more. Then each family would live and hunt together with 6-10 other families. "Our parents did not know a thing about naming their children in the English terms or French terms.". Local folk lore attributes the name ‘John Ell’ to the American boxer of the day, John L. Sullivan. Various missionary, explorer, whaler, and trader literature contain information about Inuit as well. Inuit Name Generator is free online tool for generating Inuit Names randomly. Condensed from the Government of Nunavut, Department of Culture and Heritage. In total, it cost the five members of his family $795. But Irniq said many Inuit took the names of their fathers, as is common in western culture. Find Perfect Inuit Names for your Baby Girl using SchoolMyKids baby name finder - Largest Inuit Baby names list. Inuit boys’ names . By taking the Name of a Child for years that will develop their personality traits according to the Meaning for his/her Name, whether you are the Mother or Father of a New Cute Baby, We have collected the list of Modern Inuit Baby Names with their Meaning. The head of the family picked a surname — often a relative's given name — … "So I think to this day, Project Surname was 10 years too early. "It was Project Surname that helped spell the last names of the people, because the Inuit didn't have a writing system of their own," she said. © 2020 above&beyond – Canada's Arctic Journal, Order of Canada medals awarded to Northerners. Marriage was important for the Inuit people. In this time of reconciliation, we as Inuit are forcefully reclaiming our proper place as an Indigenous people in Canada by asserting Inuit self- determination through our language, our place names and our history. Inuit names don't always have meaning, though Kuliktana says some Inuit are given nicknames based on their personalities. "When I was born, Inuit, gee we were always very obedient of the newcomers like the Roman Catholic Church and the government, RCMP and Hudson's Bay Company," Irniq said. Elders and family members often offered naming advice to the mothers of newborns. "Project Surname was the end of Inuit culture in terms of naming our children," says Peter Irniq, former commissioner of Nunavut. List of 44 A to Z Inuit Baby Boy names with meaning, origin, religion, astrology, numerology, … At the start of the story, Lord Eddard Stark, aka Ned Stark, makes his way home. Additional sources of records come from the RCMP. However, as it goes in life, everything can be learned, and expanding your horizons and learning about different cultures and peoples can only expand your mind and leave you a better person. Traditional names hold great respect and honour. The Inuit are actually one specific tribe, but the term inuit is often used to describe all the people previously often referred to as Eskimo, this term is considered offensive by many inuit. Find Perfect Inuit Names for your Baby Boy using SchoolMyKids baby name finder - Largest Inuit Baby names list. "Those are barriers that were imposed on us and very painful experiences, so … it is part of the healing journey to reclaim your identity and your traditions.". In 1999, Irniq changed his family's last name, getting rid of what he called the "old colonialistic" spelling, as well as the E-number, E3-546. Inuit Dog Names Inuit dog names are a great choice for owners of any dogs with an Arctic history or for those who have an interest in the Arctic regions of Alaska, Canada, and/or Greenland. The Inuit soon lost their family names, too. Some marriages were arranged, but most were by choice. Under the new system, some letters were eliminated; E was replaced with I; O was replaced by U, Irniq explained. These Names are Modern as well as Unique. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. From 1924 to 1968, the RCMP conducted patrols to monitor the general status of Inuit in traditional camps, and later the outpost camps attached to permanent settlements. The early foreign explorers to Nunavut all created detailed reports of their search of the Northwest Passage and whaling grounds. Undertaking genealogical research in Nunavut is not without obstacles. Aleuts are not considered Eskimo by linguists, nor by the U.S. Census Bureau. I know the u is pronounced as oo in the Inuktitut language. Nunavut’s family history is distinct from Southern Canada because it predominately consists of regional migration within the Arctic, and, up until the recent past, people did not keep detailed or consistent records of individuals. In your own genealogical research, you will need to rely on gazetteers, maps and atlases which illustrate the places you research. Inuit or Eskimo: Which name to use? But now, Inuit are taking that back. List of 44 A to Z Inuit Baby Boy names with meaning, origin, religion, astrology, numerology, Related Similar Names. By the 1920s, there was a push by missionaries, fur trade employees and government officials to identify the Inuit in accordance with European norms and the patriarchal social model. Research in family’s locations include where people lived, worked, were born, married, died, came from, and went. Inuit Heritage Trust is an excellent source for Inuit place names maps. Between the 1940s and 1970s, E-numbers were assigned to "Eskimos" and stamped on discs, which Inuit in the Canadian Arctic were forced to wear to keep track of census data, medical records, etc. Genealogy research requires the careful study of textual, visual, and audio records. How Inuit honour the tradition of naming, and spirits who have passed on, 'We are not monkeys': Inuit speak out about skin grafts done without consent in 1970s, CBC's Journalistic Standards and Practices. Her name had been spelled Kitupana, but Millie, 56, eventually changed it to Q, as she said that is the proper way to pronounce it in Inuktitut. These records provide names of Inuit by location and identify family relationships among the Inuit who visited the posts and who were employed.

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