���m�H�h"����g����Pw���J���4��Ū�ΎQ��+4"��SP.I�8��;>���� "����NOO� hW&�/H ��ED�ny�I�jb�x�o��Y^2c�k#Xr�`H!�B������澪,a� Since students have difficulty recognizing rhetorical and persuasive devices in a speech, we will model the type of analysis that students will be required to do in this project. Der folgende Artikel gibt eine Übersicht über die 15 wichtigsten rhetorischen Mittel (Stylistic Devices) für den Englischunterricht. stream What rhetorical devices are used in Patrick Henry's speech? ���v�9iΚX�x�S2{����S��Z~���UFK�r �¼l�v���%�]�Rw�}y � And brave. 0000001825 00000 n Titel: Speech Analysis ... OTHER STYLISTIC DEVICES stylistic device definition translation example effect hyperbole a figure of speech using exaggeration Hyperbel Übertreibung `I loved Ophelia: forty thousand brothers could not, with all their quantity of love make up my sum.´ (Shakespeare) not to persuade or to deceive, but to emphasize a feeling or to produce a humorous effect. A Comparative Translation Study. xref 0 Here are some common, and some not-so-common, examples of rhetorical devices that can be used to great effect in your writing: You can view the speech at the link below; there is also a copy of the speech below the rhetorical devices chart (pdf format). Let him know that it must be the ballot or the bullet.” (ll. Read this useful list of other common rhetorical devices and boost your rhetoric! Repetition . %��������� Stilmittel (Stylistic Devices, Rhetorical Devices) Erklärungen und Übungen zur englischen Grammatik und zum Wortschatz als PDF-Datei finden Sie auch in unserem Online-Shop auf lingolia.shop. "It's passionate. {�Cdo�/�;��ʋ�i�f������p%�=�����ra���o�D�! examination of various rhetorical devices discussed by Farnsworth in Farnsworth’s Classical ... Cannadine illustrates how Churchill’s speeches were “formal literary compositions, dictated in full beforehand, lovingly revised and polished, and delivered from a complete text” (The Speeches of Winston Churchill, p. 3). Modeling Analysis. 0000002937 00000 n Die Materialien sind auch als Unterrichtsmaterial für Lehrer geeignet. Rhetorical Question: food for thought; create satire/sarcasm; pose dilemma: Euphemism: substituting a milder or less offensive sounding word(s) Aphorism: universal commends, sayings, proverbs – convey major point. Rhetorical question - A question asked for effect or to emphasize a point that does not require a reply. Stylistic Devices / Rhetorical Devices. Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Gilbert Created Date : … \0������+]e���~G -�H7>+�yB^�'g�.��j�W{Sa����HN���d��d�K��XVv+�� ��Y���'5���_�:'�ŒI�eS��զAMkR�_�5����*͹�.��S�;@�s`���>`8�-� �k`j,+�]� ���DS-�`ELj���G@�i�1ީ�A*���[ѢX���h&H� fțm�p�@܎�Y(j`H,�. In the following example, Obama alludes to the Selma marchand the reasons why it is worth honoring: We gather here to honor the courage of ordinary Americans to endure billy clubs and the chastening rod; tear gas and the trampling hoof; men and women who despite the gush of blood and spl… 0000004322 00000 n Lesson67.mp4 . Devices in this category seek to convince and persuade via logic and reason, and will usually make use of statistics, cited facts, and statements by authorities to make their point and persuade the listener. Tony Blair DISTINCTIO is an elaboration on a particular meaning of a word in order to prevent any misunderstanding or 0000004349 00000 n Similes and metaphors are familiar ways to convey complex ideas through language. Write down each device and explain why you think she used (Remember: rhetoric is the art of effective speaking and writing often to persuade an audience of something). {�ļ�. 0000101629 00000 n 20 minutes. In this way, the speaker enhances certain ideas and creates a historical link between America’s present and its past. Skilled writers use many different types of rhetorical devices in their work to achieve specific effects. A Model: The Gettysburg Address. 0000002176 00000 n I have included a copy of the "Gettysburg Address." 0000043033 00000 n 2 0 obj Eutrepismus is another rhetorical device you’ve probably used before without realizing it. POwerPointDefs.pdf. JUr� .ۤ�V��͵r��i�/ts� �v���k�No��^ɵa�h�[|�����P�u1�7�}oM�^��c��$�0�$I6|��ɖ�u����2{v �G�������9g���b��͂W�8/ez{)����L�_��8;(�Q�'U�t&鹳;ٝbylrv�|M�ߴ�^{�� }��&y���]��os��a7���P'u��4�T��}��R���_��է����]���+ �jӬ�}Ӧ*�\��i���^z�'�ݕ���_�۸\�|�栖�+I��&jYI���ø�� ke�am����I��\@��ԡ}w}b�����ֱ��5�Ɨ��)�K��gq�n9��$]�����X}K�$I���%�(I�Y�t��BN�h��� �d7dڎ˵�z�������z�? �ɋfތ�6,2͵� Gegensatzwort; Antonym antonym - an antonym is a word of opposite meaning, for example "big" is an antonym of "small", "rich" of "poor" and "ugly" of beautiful. 1. Make your speeches, essays etc. %PDF-1.4 %���� x��}[wǕ�{� Allusions are among the most important devices that King uses in his “I Have a Dream” speech. [�Upn�!�/����]�s�>, ޴�U��K�+=�"�e� 0000002989 00000 n By David Murray, Editor, Vital Speeches of the Day. << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> By Sojoud Jaber Khdair Supervisor Dr. Ayman Nazzal Abstract This thesis examines the ideological functions of the lexical repetition in the political speeches of three Egyptian presidents: Mubarak, Morsi and Al-Sisi. 0000002045 00000 n Some types of rhetorical devices can also be considered figurative language because they depend on a non-literal usage of certain words or phrases.. 0000042874 00000 n 0000004851 00000 n 0000004186 00000 n %%EOF 0000001868 00000 n Rhetorical and Stylistic Devices Alliteration The repetition in successive words of the same initial consonant sound or of any vowel sound -creates a strong, emotional response -the effect of successful alliteration is beauty of sound and emphasis Example: The majestic, the magnificent Mississippi. Rhetorical devices are too often cast aside as the province of the great Roman orators. Eutrepismus is a great rhetorical device—let me tell you why. 10th Grade Rhetorical Devices Over the next term, you will spend time learning a variety of rhetorical devices. Really brave. %PDF-1.3 Rhetorical Devices for Speeches Alliteration repetition of initial consonant sound The initial consonant sound is usually repeated in two neighbouring words (sometimes also in words that are not next to each other). Stylistic Devices 2 Climax (Steigerung, Höhepunkt, Klimax): A figure of speech in which a series of words or expressions rises step by step, beginning with the least important and ending with the most impor­ tant (= climactic order). Repetition is one of Malcolm X’s favorite rhetorical devices. The term may also be used to refer only to the last item in the series. Das beinhaltet zunächst für jedes Stylistic Device eine kurze Definition / Bedeutungserklärung auf Deutsch. Alliteration draws attention to the phrase and is often used for emphasis. startxref <<4E1C94649056174FACC9615A79CEE029>]/Prev 448321>> 0000042944 00000 n First, it’s efficient and clear. 456 20 You can add these in after your first draft of the speech has been written. DIACOPE repeats a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase. Rhetorical Devices -- The use of language that creates a literary effect – enhance and support . They shouldn’t be. 0000001651 00000 n In this speech, he announced a new tech device that would change the world forever. Great Speeches - Analysed Martin Luther King - I Have A Dream Transcript snippet. Greta Thunberg’s UN speech: a rhetorical analysis. h�b```�4&Ad`B���@XC���B=TE�qy��3�l�{`�� �_��8�Yz�d���/�T�b��b���ѧ!7��Ci�@���&��m��]����=.R�. �EY˃���<9�8Q�[l}�߬��%�DR%�̯��>ը]� DB�̬d�6�Bw��sٗ��9������赎���,E;/q�Z�~�]����k3;�����^� �s;����l���? Rhetorical Devices in “I Have a Dream” As you listen to Dr. King’s speech, listen for the following rhetorical devices: Analogy - A point-by-point comparison of two subjects. more interesting and lively by using stylistic devices (also called rhetorical devices). Stylistic Devices (Rhetorical Devices, Figures of Speech) Literary Techniques and Figures of Speech; BBC Literary Techniques; Spend time planning which of these language techniques you will use in your speech. Here are nine of my favorite rhetorical devices. (This is my model). also called refrain; repeated word, sentence or phrase. rhetorical devices missing the use of some rhetorical devices that could have been identified in his presidential speeches. 456 0 obj <> endobj Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Good speeches will always contain these three basic elements, and will enliven these appeals with a variety of rhetorical devices. •Rhetorical devices help a reader to remember important ideas. 475 0 obj <>stream •Rhetorical devices often indicate important ideas through repetition or grammatical manipulation. - Martin Luther King • The people everywhere, not just here in Britain, everywhere -- they kept faith with Princess Diana. I think he means it isn't "linguistically interesting." You can think of a speaker as an artist or craftsperson and ethos, pathos and logos as the framework upon which the artisan works. Throughout his talk, he used powerful tricks and tools. • Free at last, free at last; thank God almighty, free at last! 0000101896 00000 n King predominantly alludes to the Bible and to the US founding documents. Rhetorical devices are loosely organized into the following four categories: Logos. I love teaching my students about rhetorical strategies and devices, analyzing what makes an effective and persuasive argument, and reading critical speeches with my students. One of Jobs’ best speeches was given at Macworld 2007—during the original iPhone launch. Types of Rhetorical Devices . Start studying Rhetorical Devices used in MLK "I Have A Dream" speech. This device separates speech into numbered parts, giving your reader or listener a clear line of thinking to follow. Repetition as a Rhetorical Device in the Political Speeches of Three Egyptian Presidents: Mubarak, Morsi and Al-Sisi. Rhetorical Devices List Anecdote A brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of literature Perspective A character's view of the situation or events in the story Aphorism A concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a commonly held belief. 0000002885 00000 n (.R�-$pr�>G7�I�S�36�Z|� �IQ�|~wX��䋥Sog�1y|�3%��CK �Ye�d\W��a? •Rhetorical devices help a writer to strengthen an argument. Stilmittel (auch Rhetorische Figuren / Mittel oder Stilfiguren genannt) helfen, Reden, Essays usw. Repetition - Repeated use of the same word or phrase. 16 Rhetorical Devices Steve Jobs Used in the Macworld 2007 iPhone Launch. These are just two examples of 'rhetorical devices' and there are plenty more where they came from. 507-509). Auch im Englischen solltest du genau wissen, welche stylistic devices es gibt und welche Effekte erzielt werden können. Here is a list of some of my favorite speeches to include in my rhetorical analysis teaching unit. A speechwriter points out that the speech isn't "rhetorically interesting." Stylistic devices help you to get and keep your reader's / listener's attention. 0000000016 00000 n 0000000696 00000 n stylistic/ rhetorical/ literary devices and techniques Alliteration alliteration —a stylistic device by which similar consonants at the beginning of words are repeated; "The dreary darkness streched out into the distance." Rhetoric is how someone uses language to convince an audience that his or her argument is valid. When executed well, they can spice up your speeches, presentations, even your one-on-one conversations. Allusions. )S���Y�f�>u1�ӳYț��ߞ]���뙙=;�=����g�;�G���3�ɫ�B��?Y6����'��+�̴Z_�Z����^�W��ug�k��^Y�m/Es��Y{e���+��{E9��/r~\��vu.X���8��y?.}�l5^I��_ƿs�\ 6M�MM��=�ٓ�Ϥ�&|h�D3>��W�W����[uL�n_�O5i���O����z�^ɚ�D���^�V��柺���J���'gW���*�;������Ƚ|�|�ز��&Wd._�]R�vv��C%���zŚ2}G��Kdq6��1���l�{EVЮ����j�8}��o�x�z'W��w޵W���l�������u`W���ܴW��^�y��+*�F���Gb�u{Ň�/]?�w�t+��XP/Eg�7n�(��Q�6|[o�r�� trailer For example, the theme and title of the speech “the ballot or the bullet” (l. 8) is mentioned about 16 times by the speaker: “Let it be the ballot or the bullet. Palm Beach Average Household Income, Belize In June, Diploma In Civil Engineering Salary In Saudi Arabia, Hummus Pesto Sandwich, Sony Hdr-cx405 Specs, " /> ���m�H�h"����g����Pw���J���4��Ū�ΎQ��+4"��SP.I�8��;>���� "����NOO� hW&�/H ��ED�ny�I�jb�x�o��Y^2c�k#Xr�`H!�B������澪,a� Since students have difficulty recognizing rhetorical and persuasive devices in a speech, we will model the type of analysis that students will be required to do in this project. Der folgende Artikel gibt eine Übersicht über die 15 wichtigsten rhetorischen Mittel (Stylistic Devices) für den Englischunterricht. stream What rhetorical devices are used in Patrick Henry's speech? ���v�9iΚX�x�S2{����S��Z~���UFK�r �¼l�v���%�]�Rw�}y � And brave. 0000001825 00000 n Titel: Speech Analysis ... OTHER STYLISTIC DEVICES stylistic device definition translation example effect hyperbole a figure of speech using exaggeration Hyperbel Übertreibung `I loved Ophelia: forty thousand brothers could not, with all their quantity of love make up my sum.´ (Shakespeare) not to persuade or to deceive, but to emphasize a feeling or to produce a humorous effect. A Comparative Translation Study. xref 0 Here are some common, and some not-so-common, examples of rhetorical devices that can be used to great effect in your writing: You can view the speech at the link below; there is also a copy of the speech below the rhetorical devices chart (pdf format). Let him know that it must be the ballot or the bullet.” (ll. Read this useful list of other common rhetorical devices and boost your rhetoric! Repetition . %��������� Stilmittel (Stylistic Devices, Rhetorical Devices) Erklärungen und Übungen zur englischen Grammatik und zum Wortschatz als PDF-Datei finden Sie auch in unserem Online-Shop auf lingolia.shop. "It's passionate. {�Cdo�/�;��ʋ�i�f������p%�=�����ra���o�D�! examination of various rhetorical devices discussed by Farnsworth in Farnsworth’s Classical ... Cannadine illustrates how Churchill’s speeches were “formal literary compositions, dictated in full beforehand, lovingly revised and polished, and delivered from a complete text” (The Speeches of Winston Churchill, p. 3). Modeling Analysis. 0000002937 00000 n Die Materialien sind auch als Unterrichtsmaterial für Lehrer geeignet. Rhetorical Question: food for thought; create satire/sarcasm; pose dilemma: Euphemism: substituting a milder or less offensive sounding word(s) Aphorism: universal commends, sayings, proverbs – convey major point. Rhetorical question - A question asked for effect or to emphasize a point that does not require a reply. Stylistic Devices / Rhetorical Devices. Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Gilbert Created Date : … \0������+]e���~G -�H7>+�yB^�'g�.��j�W{Sa����HN���d��d�K��XVv+�� ��Y���'5���_�:'�ŒI�eS��զAMkR�_�5����*͹�.��S�;@�s`���>`8�-� �k`j,+�]� ���DS-�`ELj���G@�i�1ީ�A*���[ѢX���h&H� fțm�p�@܎�Y(j`H,�. In the following example, Obama alludes to the Selma marchand the reasons why it is worth honoring: We gather here to honor the courage of ordinary Americans to endure billy clubs and the chastening rod; tear gas and the trampling hoof; men and women who despite the gush of blood and spl… 0000004322 00000 n Lesson67.mp4 . Devices in this category seek to convince and persuade via logic and reason, and will usually make use of statistics, cited facts, and statements by authorities to make their point and persuade the listener. Tony Blair DISTINCTIO is an elaboration on a particular meaning of a word in order to prevent any misunderstanding or 0000004349 00000 n Similes and metaphors are familiar ways to convey complex ideas through language. Write down each device and explain why you think she used (Remember: rhetoric is the art of effective speaking and writing often to persuade an audience of something). {�ļ�. 0000101629 00000 n 20 minutes. In this way, the speaker enhances certain ideas and creates a historical link between America’s present and its past. Skilled writers use many different types of rhetorical devices in their work to achieve specific effects. A Model: The Gettysburg Address. 0000002176 00000 n I have included a copy of the "Gettysburg Address." 0000043033 00000 n 2 0 obj Eutrepismus is another rhetorical device you’ve probably used before without realizing it. POwerPointDefs.pdf. JUr� .ۤ�V��͵r��i�/ts� �v���k�No��^ɵa�h�[|�����P�u1�7�}oM�^��c��$�0�$I6|��ɖ�u����2{v �G�������9g���b��͂W�8/ez{)����L�_��8;(�Q�'U�t&鹳;ٝbylrv�|M�ߴ�^{�� }��&y���]��os��a7���P'u��4�T��}��R���_��է����]���+ �jӬ�}Ӧ*�\��i���^z�'�ݕ���_�۸\�|�栖�+I��&jYI���ø�� ke�am����I��\@��ԡ}w}b�����ֱ��5�Ɨ��)�K��gq�n9��$]�����X}K�$I���%�(I�Y�t��BN�h��� �d7dڎ˵�z�������z�? �ɋfތ�6,2͵� Gegensatzwort; Antonym antonym - an antonym is a word of opposite meaning, for example "big" is an antonym of "small", "rich" of "poor" and "ugly" of beautiful. 1. Make your speeches, essays etc. %PDF-1.4 %���� x��}[wǕ�{� Allusions are among the most important devices that King uses in his “I Have a Dream” speech. [�Upn�!�/����]�s�>, ޴�U��K�+=�"�e� 0000002989 00000 n By David Murray, Editor, Vital Speeches of the Day. << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> By Sojoud Jaber Khdair Supervisor Dr. Ayman Nazzal Abstract This thesis examines the ideological functions of the lexical repetition in the political speeches of three Egyptian presidents: Mubarak, Morsi and Al-Sisi. 0000002045 00000 n Some types of rhetorical devices can also be considered figurative language because they depend on a non-literal usage of certain words or phrases.. 0000042874 00000 n 0000004851 00000 n 0000004186 00000 n %%EOF 0000001868 00000 n Rhetorical and Stylistic Devices Alliteration The repetition in successive words of the same initial consonant sound or of any vowel sound -creates a strong, emotional response -the effect of successful alliteration is beauty of sound and emphasis Example: The majestic, the magnificent Mississippi. Rhetorical devices are too often cast aside as the province of the great Roman orators. Eutrepismus is a great rhetorical device—let me tell you why. 10th Grade Rhetorical Devices Over the next term, you will spend time learning a variety of rhetorical devices. Really brave. %PDF-1.3 Rhetorical Devices for Speeches Alliteration repetition of initial consonant sound The initial consonant sound is usually repeated in two neighbouring words (sometimes also in words that are not next to each other). Stylistic Devices 2 Climax (Steigerung, Höhepunkt, Klimax): A figure of speech in which a series of words or expressions rises step by step, beginning with the least important and ending with the most impor­ tant (= climactic order). Repetition is one of Malcolm X’s favorite rhetorical devices. The term may also be used to refer only to the last item in the series. Das beinhaltet zunächst für jedes Stylistic Device eine kurze Definition / Bedeutungserklärung auf Deutsch. Alliteration draws attention to the phrase and is often used for emphasis. startxref <<4E1C94649056174FACC9615A79CEE029>]/Prev 448321>> 0000042944 00000 n First, it’s efficient and clear. 456 20 You can add these in after your first draft of the speech has been written. DIACOPE repeats a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase. Rhetorical Devices -- The use of language that creates a literary effect – enhance and support . They shouldn’t be. 0000001651 00000 n In this speech, he announced a new tech device that would change the world forever. Great Speeches - Analysed Martin Luther King - I Have A Dream Transcript snippet. Greta Thunberg’s UN speech: a rhetorical analysis. h�b```�4&Ad`B���@XC���B=TE�qy��3�l�{`�� �_��8�Yz�d���/�T�b��b���ѧ!7��Ci�@���&��m��]����=.R�. �EY˃���<9�8Q�[l}�߬��%�DR%�̯��>ը]� DB�̬d�6�Bw��sٗ��9������赎���,E;/q�Z�~�]����k3;�����^� �s;����l���? Rhetorical Devices in “I Have a Dream” As you listen to Dr. King’s speech, listen for the following rhetorical devices: Analogy - A point-by-point comparison of two subjects. more interesting and lively by using stylistic devices (also called rhetorical devices). Stylistic Devices (Rhetorical Devices, Figures of Speech) Literary Techniques and Figures of Speech; BBC Literary Techniques; Spend time planning which of these language techniques you will use in your speech. Here are nine of my favorite rhetorical devices. (This is my model). also called refrain; repeated word, sentence or phrase. rhetorical devices missing the use of some rhetorical devices that could have been identified in his presidential speeches. 456 0 obj <> endobj Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Good speeches will always contain these three basic elements, and will enliven these appeals with a variety of rhetorical devices. •Rhetorical devices help a reader to remember important ideas. 475 0 obj <>stream •Rhetorical devices often indicate important ideas through repetition or grammatical manipulation. - Martin Luther King • The people everywhere, not just here in Britain, everywhere -- they kept faith with Princess Diana. I think he means it isn't "linguistically interesting." You can think of a speaker as an artist or craftsperson and ethos, pathos and logos as the framework upon which the artisan works. Throughout his talk, he used powerful tricks and tools. • Free at last, free at last; thank God almighty, free at last! 0000101896 00000 n King predominantly alludes to the Bible and to the US founding documents. Rhetorical devices are loosely organized into the following four categories: Logos. I love teaching my students about rhetorical strategies and devices, analyzing what makes an effective and persuasive argument, and reading critical speeches with my students. One of Jobs’ best speeches was given at Macworld 2007—during the original iPhone launch. Types of Rhetorical Devices . Start studying Rhetorical Devices used in MLK "I Have A Dream" speech. This device separates speech into numbered parts, giving your reader or listener a clear line of thinking to follow. Repetition as a Rhetorical Device in the Political Speeches of Three Egyptian Presidents: Mubarak, Morsi and Al-Sisi. Rhetorical Devices List Anecdote A brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of literature Perspective A character's view of the situation or events in the story Aphorism A concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a commonly held belief. 0000002885 00000 n (.R�-$pr�>G7�I�S�36�Z|� �IQ�|~wX��䋥Sog�1y|�3%��CK �Ye�d\W��a? •Rhetorical devices help a writer to strengthen an argument. Stilmittel (auch Rhetorische Figuren / Mittel oder Stilfiguren genannt) helfen, Reden, Essays usw. Repetition - Repeated use of the same word or phrase. 16 Rhetorical Devices Steve Jobs Used in the Macworld 2007 iPhone Launch. These are just two examples of 'rhetorical devices' and there are plenty more where they came from. 507-509). Auch im Englischen solltest du genau wissen, welche stylistic devices es gibt und welche Effekte erzielt werden können. Here is a list of some of my favorite speeches to include in my rhetorical analysis teaching unit. A speechwriter points out that the speech isn't "rhetorically interesting." Stylistic devices help you to get and keep your reader's / listener's attention. 0000000016 00000 n 0000000696 00000 n stylistic/ rhetorical/ literary devices and techniques Alliteration alliteration —a stylistic device by which similar consonants at the beginning of words are repeated; "The dreary darkness streched out into the distance." Rhetoric is how someone uses language to convince an audience that his or her argument is valid. When executed well, they can spice up your speeches, presentations, even your one-on-one conversations. Allusions. )S���Y�f�>u1�ӳYț��ߞ]���뙙=;�=����g�;�G���3�ɫ�B��?Y6����'��+�̴Z_�Z����^�W��ug�k��^Y�m/Es��Y{e���+��{E9��/r~\��vu.X���8��y?.}�l5^I��_ƿs�\ 6M�MM��=�ٓ�Ϥ�&|h�D3>��W�W����[uL�n_�O5i���O����z�^ɚ�D���^�V��柺���J���'gW���*�;������Ƚ|�|�ز��&Wd._�]R�vv��C%���zŚ2}G��Kdq6��1���l�{EVЮ����j�8}��o�x�z'W��w޵W���l�������u`W���ܴW��^�y��+*�F���Gb�u{Ň�/]?�w�t+��XP/Eg�7n�(��Q�6|[o�r�� trailer For example, the theme and title of the speech “the ballot or the bullet” (l. 8) is mentioned about 16 times by the speaker: “Let it be the ballot or the bullet. Palm Beach Average Household Income, Belize In June, Diploma In Civil Engineering Salary In Saudi Arabia, Hummus Pesto Sandwich, Sony Hdr-cx405 Specs, &hellip;"> ���m�H�h"����g����Pw���J���4��Ū�ΎQ��+4"��SP.I�8��;>���� "����NOO� hW&�/H ��ED�ny�I�jb�x�o��Y^2c�k#Xr�`H!�B������澪,a� Since students have difficulty recognizing rhetorical and persuasive devices in a speech, we will model the type of analysis that students will be required to do in this project. Der folgende Artikel gibt eine Übersicht über die 15 wichtigsten rhetorischen Mittel (Stylistic Devices) für den Englischunterricht. stream What rhetorical devices are used in Patrick Henry's speech? ���v�9iΚX�x�S2{����S��Z~���UFK�r �¼l�v���%�]�Rw�}y � And brave. 0000001825 00000 n Titel: Speech Analysis ... OTHER STYLISTIC DEVICES stylistic device definition translation example effect hyperbole a figure of speech using exaggeration Hyperbel Übertreibung `I loved Ophelia: forty thousand brothers could not, with all their quantity of love make up my sum.´ (Shakespeare) not to persuade or to deceive, but to emphasize a feeling or to produce a humorous effect. A Comparative Translation Study. xref 0 Here are some common, and some not-so-common, examples of rhetorical devices that can be used to great effect in your writing: You can view the speech at the link below; there is also a copy of the speech below the rhetorical devices chart (pdf format). Let him know that it must be the ballot or the bullet.” (ll. Read this useful list of other common rhetorical devices and boost your rhetoric! Repetition . %��������� Stilmittel (Stylistic Devices, Rhetorical Devices) Erklärungen und Übungen zur englischen Grammatik und zum Wortschatz als PDF-Datei finden Sie auch in unserem Online-Shop auf lingolia.shop. "It's passionate. {�Cdo�/�;��ʋ�i�f������p%�=�����ra���o�D�! examination of various rhetorical devices discussed by Farnsworth in Farnsworth’s Classical ... Cannadine illustrates how Churchill’s speeches were “formal literary compositions, dictated in full beforehand, lovingly revised and polished, and delivered from a complete text” (The Speeches of Winston Churchill, p. 3). Modeling Analysis. 0000002937 00000 n Die Materialien sind auch als Unterrichtsmaterial für Lehrer geeignet. Rhetorical Question: food for thought; create satire/sarcasm; pose dilemma: Euphemism: substituting a milder or less offensive sounding word(s) Aphorism: universal commends, sayings, proverbs – convey major point. Rhetorical question - A question asked for effect or to emphasize a point that does not require a reply. Stylistic Devices / Rhetorical Devices. Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Gilbert Created Date : … \0������+]e���~G -�H7>+�yB^�'g�.��j�W{Sa����HN���d��d�K��XVv+�� ��Y���'5���_�:'�ŒI�eS��զAMkR�_�5����*͹�.��S�;@�s`���>`8�-� �k`j,+�]� ���DS-�`ELj���G@�i�1ީ�A*���[ѢX���h&H� fțm�p�@܎�Y(j`H,�. In the following example, Obama alludes to the Selma marchand the reasons why it is worth honoring: We gather here to honor the courage of ordinary Americans to endure billy clubs and the chastening rod; tear gas and the trampling hoof; men and women who despite the gush of blood and spl… 0000004322 00000 n Lesson67.mp4 . Devices in this category seek to convince and persuade via logic and reason, and will usually make use of statistics, cited facts, and statements by authorities to make their point and persuade the listener. Tony Blair DISTINCTIO is an elaboration on a particular meaning of a word in order to prevent any misunderstanding or 0000004349 00000 n Similes and metaphors are familiar ways to convey complex ideas through language. Write down each device and explain why you think she used (Remember: rhetoric is the art of effective speaking and writing often to persuade an audience of something). {�ļ�. 0000101629 00000 n 20 minutes. In this way, the speaker enhances certain ideas and creates a historical link between America’s present and its past. Skilled writers use many different types of rhetorical devices in their work to achieve specific effects. A Model: The Gettysburg Address. 0000002176 00000 n I have included a copy of the "Gettysburg Address." 0000043033 00000 n 2 0 obj Eutrepismus is another rhetorical device you’ve probably used before without realizing it. POwerPointDefs.pdf. JUr� .ۤ�V��͵r��i�/ts� �v���k�No��^ɵa�h�[|�����P�u1�7�}oM�^��c��$�0�$I6|��ɖ�u����2{v �G�������9g���b��͂W�8/ez{)����L�_��8;(�Q�'U�t&鹳;ٝbylrv�|M�ߴ�^{�� }��&y���]��os��a7���P'u��4�T��}��R���_��է����]���+ �jӬ�}Ӧ*�\��i���^z�'�ݕ���_�۸\�|�栖�+I��&jYI���ø�� ke�am����I��\@��ԡ}w}b�����ֱ��5�Ɨ��)�K��gq�n9��$]�����X}K�$I���%�(I�Y�t��BN�h��� �d7dڎ˵�z�������z�? �ɋfތ�6,2͵� Gegensatzwort; Antonym antonym - an antonym is a word of opposite meaning, for example "big" is an antonym of "small", "rich" of "poor" and "ugly" of beautiful. 1. Make your speeches, essays etc. %PDF-1.4 %���� x��}[wǕ�{� Allusions are among the most important devices that King uses in his “I Have a Dream” speech. [�Upn�!�/����]�s�>, ޴�U��K�+=�"�e� 0000002989 00000 n By David Murray, Editor, Vital Speeches of the Day. << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> By Sojoud Jaber Khdair Supervisor Dr. Ayman Nazzal Abstract This thesis examines the ideological functions of the lexical repetition in the political speeches of three Egyptian presidents: Mubarak, Morsi and Al-Sisi. 0000002045 00000 n Some types of rhetorical devices can also be considered figurative language because they depend on a non-literal usage of certain words or phrases.. 0000042874 00000 n 0000004851 00000 n 0000004186 00000 n %%EOF 0000001868 00000 n Rhetorical and Stylistic Devices Alliteration The repetition in successive words of the same initial consonant sound or of any vowel sound -creates a strong, emotional response -the effect of successful alliteration is beauty of sound and emphasis Example: The majestic, the magnificent Mississippi. Rhetorical devices are too often cast aside as the province of the great Roman orators. Eutrepismus is a great rhetorical device—let me tell you why. 10th Grade Rhetorical Devices Over the next term, you will spend time learning a variety of rhetorical devices. Really brave. %PDF-1.3 Rhetorical Devices for Speeches Alliteration repetition of initial consonant sound The initial consonant sound is usually repeated in two neighbouring words (sometimes also in words that are not next to each other). Stylistic Devices 2 Climax (Steigerung, Höhepunkt, Klimax): A figure of speech in which a series of words or expressions rises step by step, beginning with the least important and ending with the most impor­ tant (= climactic order). Repetition is one of Malcolm X’s favorite rhetorical devices. The term may also be used to refer only to the last item in the series. Das beinhaltet zunächst für jedes Stylistic Device eine kurze Definition / Bedeutungserklärung auf Deutsch. Alliteration draws attention to the phrase and is often used for emphasis. startxref <<4E1C94649056174FACC9615A79CEE029>]/Prev 448321>> 0000042944 00000 n First, it’s efficient and clear. 456 20 You can add these in after your first draft of the speech has been written. DIACOPE repeats a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase. Rhetorical Devices -- The use of language that creates a literary effect – enhance and support . They shouldn’t be. 0000001651 00000 n In this speech, he announced a new tech device that would change the world forever. Great Speeches - Analysed Martin Luther King - I Have A Dream Transcript snippet. Greta Thunberg’s UN speech: a rhetorical analysis. h�b```�4&Ad`B���@XC���B=TE�qy��3�l�{`�� �_��8�Yz�d���/�T�b��b���ѧ!7��Ci�@���&��m��]����=.R�. �EY˃���<9�8Q�[l}�߬��%�DR%�̯��>ը]� DB�̬d�6�Bw��sٗ��9������赎���,E;/q�Z�~�]����k3;�����^� �s;����l���? Rhetorical Devices in “I Have a Dream” As you listen to Dr. King’s speech, listen for the following rhetorical devices: Analogy - A point-by-point comparison of two subjects. more interesting and lively by using stylistic devices (also called rhetorical devices). Stylistic Devices (Rhetorical Devices, Figures of Speech) Literary Techniques and Figures of Speech; BBC Literary Techniques; Spend time planning which of these language techniques you will use in your speech. Here are nine of my favorite rhetorical devices. (This is my model). also called refrain; repeated word, sentence or phrase. rhetorical devices missing the use of some rhetorical devices that could have been identified in his presidential speeches. 456 0 obj <> endobj Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Good speeches will always contain these three basic elements, and will enliven these appeals with a variety of rhetorical devices. •Rhetorical devices help a reader to remember important ideas. 475 0 obj <>stream •Rhetorical devices often indicate important ideas through repetition or grammatical manipulation. - Martin Luther King • The people everywhere, not just here in Britain, everywhere -- they kept faith with Princess Diana. I think he means it isn't "linguistically interesting." You can think of a speaker as an artist or craftsperson and ethos, pathos and logos as the framework upon which the artisan works. Throughout his talk, he used powerful tricks and tools. • Free at last, free at last; thank God almighty, free at last! 0000101896 00000 n King predominantly alludes to the Bible and to the US founding documents. Rhetorical devices are loosely organized into the following four categories: Logos. I love teaching my students about rhetorical strategies and devices, analyzing what makes an effective and persuasive argument, and reading critical speeches with my students. One of Jobs’ best speeches was given at Macworld 2007—during the original iPhone launch. Types of Rhetorical Devices . Start studying Rhetorical Devices used in MLK "I Have A Dream" speech. This device separates speech into numbered parts, giving your reader or listener a clear line of thinking to follow. Repetition as a Rhetorical Device in the Political Speeches of Three Egyptian Presidents: Mubarak, Morsi and Al-Sisi. Rhetorical Devices List Anecdote A brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of literature Perspective A character's view of the situation or events in the story Aphorism A concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a commonly held belief. 0000002885 00000 n (.R�-$pr�>G7�I�S�36�Z|� �IQ�|~wX��䋥Sog�1y|�3%��CK �Ye�d\W��a? •Rhetorical devices help a writer to strengthen an argument. Stilmittel (auch Rhetorische Figuren / Mittel oder Stilfiguren genannt) helfen, Reden, Essays usw. Repetition - Repeated use of the same word or phrase. 16 Rhetorical Devices Steve Jobs Used in the Macworld 2007 iPhone Launch. These are just two examples of 'rhetorical devices' and there are plenty more where they came from. 507-509). Auch im Englischen solltest du genau wissen, welche stylistic devices es gibt und welche Effekte erzielt werden können. Here is a list of some of my favorite speeches to include in my rhetorical analysis teaching unit. A speechwriter points out that the speech isn't "rhetorically interesting." Stylistic devices help you to get and keep your reader's / listener's attention. 0000000016 00000 n 0000000696 00000 n stylistic/ rhetorical/ literary devices and techniques Alliteration alliteration —a stylistic device by which similar consonants at the beginning of words are repeated; "The dreary darkness streched out into the distance." Rhetoric is how someone uses language to convince an audience that his or her argument is valid. When executed well, they can spice up your speeches, presentations, even your one-on-one conversations. Allusions. )S���Y�f�>u1�ӳYț��ߞ]���뙙=;�=����g�;�G���3�ɫ�B��?Y6����'��+�̴Z_�Z����^�W��ug�k��^Y�m/Es��Y{e���+��{E9��/r~\��vu.X���8��y?.}�l5^I��_ƿs�\ 6M�MM��=�ٓ�Ϥ�&|h�D3>��W�W����[uL�n_�O5i���O����z�^ɚ�D���^�V��柺���J���'gW���*�;������Ƚ|�|�ز��&Wd._�]R�vv��C%���zŚ2}G��Kdq6��1���l�{EVЮ����j�8}��o�x�z'W��w޵W���l�������u`W���ܴW��^�y��+*�F���Gb�u{Ň�/]?�w�t+��XP/Eg�7n�(��Q�6|[o�r�� trailer For example, the theme and title of the speech “the ballot or the bullet” (l. 8) is mentioned about 16 times by the speaker: “Let it be the ballot or the bullet. Palm Beach Average Household Income, Belize In June, Diploma In Civil Engineering Salary In Saudi Arabia, Hummus Pesto Sandwich, Sony Hdr-cx405 Specs, &hellip;">

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One aspect of it is the promotion of their own identity, which is becoming more and more important in elections (Caprara & Zimbardo 2004). The speech is filled with allusions to various historical figures and documents and to American values. Politicians use many different rhetorical devices in their speeches in order to make the message more appealing and persuading. Das Erkennen und das Beschreiben der Wirkung von rhetorischen Mitteln (stylistic devices) ist ein wichtiger Bestandteil der Textanalyse.Die meisten der hier erklärten rhetorischen Mittel kennst du wahrscheinlich schon aus dem Deutschunterricht. A wizened speechwriter and rhetoric observer asked me if I'd seen Greta Thunberg's speech this week. 0000003247 00000 n IN�U���l�}Hŏq��P���~(�L�}NF�W��'��f���;�F=V3�8�jof��ͩ"�� �/��*�V�{?��i�1�������e2��d�×�y~�ZO_�ɍ2�� >���m�H�h"����g����Pw���J���4��Ū�ΎQ��+4"��SP.I�8��;>���� "����NOO� hW&�/H ��ED�ny�I�jb�x�o��Y^2c�k#Xr�`H!�B������澪,a� Since students have difficulty recognizing rhetorical and persuasive devices in a speech, we will model the type of analysis that students will be required to do in this project. Der folgende Artikel gibt eine Übersicht über die 15 wichtigsten rhetorischen Mittel (Stylistic Devices) für den Englischunterricht. stream What rhetorical devices are used in Patrick Henry's speech? ���v�9iΚX�x�S2{����S��Z~���UFK�r �¼l�v���%�]�Rw�}y � And brave. 0000001825 00000 n Titel: Speech Analysis ... OTHER STYLISTIC DEVICES stylistic device definition translation example effect hyperbole a figure of speech using exaggeration Hyperbel Übertreibung `I loved Ophelia: forty thousand brothers could not, with all their quantity of love make up my sum.´ (Shakespeare) not to persuade or to deceive, but to emphasize a feeling or to produce a humorous effect. A Comparative Translation Study. xref 0 Here are some common, and some not-so-common, examples of rhetorical devices that can be used to great effect in your writing: You can view the speech at the link below; there is also a copy of the speech below the rhetorical devices chart (pdf format). Let him know that it must be the ballot or the bullet.” (ll. Read this useful list of other common rhetorical devices and boost your rhetoric! Repetition . %��������� Stilmittel (Stylistic Devices, Rhetorical Devices) Erklärungen und Übungen zur englischen Grammatik und zum Wortschatz als PDF-Datei finden Sie auch in unserem Online-Shop auf lingolia.shop. "It's passionate. {�Cdo�/�;��ʋ�i�f������p%�=�����ra���o�D�! examination of various rhetorical devices discussed by Farnsworth in Farnsworth’s Classical ... Cannadine illustrates how Churchill’s speeches were “formal literary compositions, dictated in full beforehand, lovingly revised and polished, and delivered from a complete text” (The Speeches of Winston Churchill, p. 3). Modeling Analysis. 0000002937 00000 n Die Materialien sind auch als Unterrichtsmaterial für Lehrer geeignet. Rhetorical Question: food for thought; create satire/sarcasm; pose dilemma: Euphemism: substituting a milder or less offensive sounding word(s) Aphorism: universal commends, sayings, proverbs – convey major point. Rhetorical question - A question asked for effect or to emphasize a point that does not require a reply. Stylistic Devices / Rhetorical Devices. Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Gilbert Created Date : … \0������+]e���~G -�H7>+�yB^�'g�.��j�W{Sa����HN���d��d�K��XVv+�� ��Y���'5���_�:'�ŒI�eS��զAMkR�_�5����*͹�.��S�;@�s`���>`8�-� �k`j,+�]� ���DS-�`ELj���G@�i�1ީ�A*���[ѢX���h&H� fțm�p�@܎�Y(j`H,�. In the following example, Obama alludes to the Selma marchand the reasons why it is worth honoring: We gather here to honor the courage of ordinary Americans to endure billy clubs and the chastening rod; tear gas and the trampling hoof; men and women who despite the gush of blood and spl… 0000004322 00000 n Lesson67.mp4 . Devices in this category seek to convince and persuade via logic and reason, and will usually make use of statistics, cited facts, and statements by authorities to make their point and persuade the listener. Tony Blair DISTINCTIO is an elaboration on a particular meaning of a word in order to prevent any misunderstanding or 0000004349 00000 n Similes and metaphors are familiar ways to convey complex ideas through language. Write down each device and explain why you think she used (Remember: rhetoric is the art of effective speaking and writing often to persuade an audience of something). {�ļ�. 0000101629 00000 n 20 minutes. In this way, the speaker enhances certain ideas and creates a historical link between America’s present and its past. Skilled writers use many different types of rhetorical devices in their work to achieve specific effects. A Model: The Gettysburg Address. 0000002176 00000 n I have included a copy of the "Gettysburg Address." 0000043033 00000 n 2 0 obj Eutrepismus is another rhetorical device you’ve probably used before without realizing it. POwerPointDefs.pdf. JUr� .ۤ�V��͵r��i�/ts� �v���k�No��^ɵa�h�[|�����P�u1�7�}oM�^��c��$�0�$I6|��ɖ�u����2{v �G�������9g���b��͂W�8/ez{)����L�_��8;(�Q�'U�t&鹳;ٝbylrv�|M�ߴ�^{�� }��&y���]��os��a7���P'u��4�T��}��R���_��է����]���+ �jӬ�}Ӧ*�\��i���^z�'�ݕ���_�۸\�|�栖�+I��&jYI���ø�� ke�am����I��\@��ԡ}w}b�����ֱ��5�Ɨ��)�K��gq�n9��$]�����X}K�$I���%�(I�Y�t��BN�h��� �d7dڎ˵�z�������z�? �ɋfތ�6,2͵� Gegensatzwort; Antonym antonym - an antonym is a word of opposite meaning, for example "big" is an antonym of "small", "rich" of "poor" and "ugly" of beautiful. 1. Make your speeches, essays etc. %PDF-1.4 %���� x��}[wǕ�{� Allusions are among the most important devices that King uses in his “I Have a Dream” speech. [�Upn�!�/����]�s�>, ޴�U��K�+=�"�e� 0000002989 00000 n By David Murray, Editor, Vital Speeches of the Day. << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> By Sojoud Jaber Khdair Supervisor Dr. Ayman Nazzal Abstract This thesis examines the ideological functions of the lexical repetition in the political speeches of three Egyptian presidents: Mubarak, Morsi and Al-Sisi. 0000002045 00000 n Some types of rhetorical devices can also be considered figurative language because they depend on a non-literal usage of certain words or phrases.. 0000042874 00000 n 0000004851 00000 n 0000004186 00000 n %%EOF 0000001868 00000 n Rhetorical and Stylistic Devices Alliteration The repetition in successive words of the same initial consonant sound or of any vowel sound -creates a strong, emotional response -the effect of successful alliteration is beauty of sound and emphasis Example: The majestic, the magnificent Mississippi. Rhetorical devices are too often cast aside as the province of the great Roman orators. Eutrepismus is a great rhetorical device—let me tell you why. 10th Grade Rhetorical Devices Over the next term, you will spend time learning a variety of rhetorical devices. Really brave. %PDF-1.3 Rhetorical Devices for Speeches Alliteration repetition of initial consonant sound The initial consonant sound is usually repeated in two neighbouring words (sometimes also in words that are not next to each other). Stylistic Devices 2 Climax (Steigerung, Höhepunkt, Klimax): A figure of speech in which a series of words or expressions rises step by step, beginning with the least important and ending with the most impor­ tant (= climactic order). Repetition is one of Malcolm X’s favorite rhetorical devices. The term may also be used to refer only to the last item in the series. Das beinhaltet zunächst für jedes Stylistic Device eine kurze Definition / Bedeutungserklärung auf Deutsch. Alliteration draws attention to the phrase and is often used for emphasis. startxref <<4E1C94649056174FACC9615A79CEE029>]/Prev 448321>> 0000042944 00000 n First, it’s efficient and clear. 456 20 You can add these in after your first draft of the speech has been written. DIACOPE repeats a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase. Rhetorical Devices -- The use of language that creates a literary effect – enhance and support . They shouldn’t be. 0000001651 00000 n In this speech, he announced a new tech device that would change the world forever. Great Speeches - Analysed Martin Luther King - I Have A Dream Transcript snippet. Greta Thunberg’s UN speech: a rhetorical analysis. h�b```�4&Ad`B���@XC���B=TE�qy��3�l�{`�� �_��8�Yz�d���/�T�b��b���ѧ!7��Ci�@���&��m��]����=.R�. �EY˃���<9�8Q�[l}�߬��%�DR%�̯��>ը]� DB�̬d�6�Bw��sٗ��9������赎���,E;/q�Z�~�]����k3;�����^� �s;����l���? Rhetorical Devices in “I Have a Dream” As you listen to Dr. King’s speech, listen for the following rhetorical devices: Analogy - A point-by-point comparison of two subjects. more interesting and lively by using stylistic devices (also called rhetorical devices). Stylistic Devices (Rhetorical Devices, Figures of Speech) Literary Techniques and Figures of Speech; BBC Literary Techniques; Spend time planning which of these language techniques you will use in your speech. Here are nine of my favorite rhetorical devices. (This is my model). also called refrain; repeated word, sentence or phrase. rhetorical devices missing the use of some rhetorical devices that could have been identified in his presidential speeches. 456 0 obj <> endobj Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Good speeches will always contain these three basic elements, and will enliven these appeals with a variety of rhetorical devices. •Rhetorical devices help a reader to remember important ideas. 475 0 obj <>stream •Rhetorical devices often indicate important ideas through repetition or grammatical manipulation. - Martin Luther King • The people everywhere, not just here in Britain, everywhere -- they kept faith with Princess Diana. I think he means it isn't "linguistically interesting." You can think of a speaker as an artist or craftsperson and ethos, pathos and logos as the framework upon which the artisan works. Throughout his talk, he used powerful tricks and tools. • Free at last, free at last; thank God almighty, free at last! 0000101896 00000 n King predominantly alludes to the Bible and to the US founding documents. Rhetorical devices are loosely organized into the following four categories: Logos. I love teaching my students about rhetorical strategies and devices, analyzing what makes an effective and persuasive argument, and reading critical speeches with my students. One of Jobs’ best speeches was given at Macworld 2007—during the original iPhone launch. Types of Rhetorical Devices . Start studying Rhetorical Devices used in MLK "I Have A Dream" speech. This device separates speech into numbered parts, giving your reader or listener a clear line of thinking to follow. Repetition as a Rhetorical Device in the Political Speeches of Three Egyptian Presidents: Mubarak, Morsi and Al-Sisi. Rhetorical Devices List Anecdote A brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of literature Perspective A character's view of the situation or events in the story Aphorism A concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a commonly held belief. 0000002885 00000 n (.R�-$pr�>G7�I�S�36�Z|� �IQ�|~wX��䋥Sog�1y|�3%��CK �Ye�d\W��a? •Rhetorical devices help a writer to strengthen an argument. Stilmittel (auch Rhetorische Figuren / Mittel oder Stilfiguren genannt) helfen, Reden, Essays usw. Repetition - Repeated use of the same word or phrase. 16 Rhetorical Devices Steve Jobs Used in the Macworld 2007 iPhone Launch. These are just two examples of 'rhetorical devices' and there are plenty more where they came from. 507-509). Auch im Englischen solltest du genau wissen, welche stylistic devices es gibt und welche Effekte erzielt werden können. Here is a list of some of my favorite speeches to include in my rhetorical analysis teaching unit. A speechwriter points out that the speech isn't "rhetorically interesting." Stylistic devices help you to get and keep your reader's / listener's attention. 0000000016 00000 n 0000000696 00000 n stylistic/ rhetorical/ literary devices and techniques Alliteration alliteration —a stylistic device by which similar consonants at the beginning of words are repeated; "The dreary darkness streched out into the distance." Rhetoric is how someone uses language to convince an audience that his or her argument is valid. When executed well, they can spice up your speeches, presentations, even your one-on-one conversations. Allusions. )S���Y�f�>u1�ӳYț��ߞ]���뙙=;�=����g�;�G���3�ɫ�B��?Y6����'��+�̴Z_�Z����^�W��ug�k��^Y�m/Es��Y{e���+��{E9��/r~\��vu.X���8��y?.}�l5^I��_ƿs�\ 6M�MM��=�ٓ�Ϥ�&|h�D3>��W�W����[uL�n_�O5i���O����z�^ɚ�D���^�V��柺���J���'gW���*�;������Ƚ|�|�ز��&Wd._�]R�vv��C%���zŚ2}G��Kdq6��1���l�{EVЮ����j�8}��o�x�z'W��w޵W���l�������u`W���ܴW��^�y��+*�F���Gb�u{Ň�/]?�w�t+��XP/Eg�7n�(��Q�6|[o�r�� trailer For example, the theme and title of the speech “the ballot or the bullet” (l. 8) is mentioned about 16 times by the speaker: “Let it be the ballot or the bullet.

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